There are five locations at varying distances from the Holy City of Makkah which pilgrims must not cross before they are in a state of Ihram if they intend to enter Al Masjid Al Haram for Umrah or Hajj. These locations or stations are called Miqat.
This miqat is about 9 kilometers from Madinah and about 450 kilometers from Makkah. Dhu’l-Hulayfah is the miqat for those who live in Madinah and for those who approach Makkah from that same direction.
This miqat is about 183 kilometers to the northwest of Makkah. This is the miqat for people who come from the direction of Syria.
This miqat is a hilly place about 75 kilometers to the east of Makkah. This is the miqat for the people of Najd and for those coming from that direction.
This miqat is about 94 kilometers towards the northeast side of Makkah. This is the miqat for the people of Iran, Iraq and for those coming from that direction.
This miqat is a hilly area about 92 kilometers to the southeast of Makkah. This is the miqat for the people of Yemen and all others coming from that direction. It is the miqat used by pilgrims coming from China, Japan, India, Pakistan, and those who come by ship.